Dating times in Phuthaditjhaba South Africa
They have never had any formal political dependence on South Africa and were recognised as sovereign states by the international community from the time they were granted their independence by the UK in the s. In the s the South Africa , which was administering South West Africa under a League of Nations mandate, came under increased international pressure regarding its minority White rule over the majority of Blacks.
The solution envisaged by South Africa—the Odendaal Plan —was to separate the white and the non-white population, grant self-government to the isolated black territories, and thus make Whites the majority population in the vast remainder of the country. Moreover, it was envisaged that by separating each ethnic group and confining people by law to their restricted areas, discrimination by race would automatically disappear. The demarcated territories were called the bantustans , and the remainder of the land was called the Police Zone.
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Forthwith, all non-white people employed in the Police Zone became migrant workers , and pass laws were established to police movement in and out of the bantustans. The combined territory of all bantustans was roughly equal in size to the Police Zone. However, all bantustans were predominantly rural and excluded major towns. All harbours, most of the railway network and the tarred road infrastructure, all larger airports, the profitable diamond areas and the national parks were situated in the Police Zone.
Beginning in ,   following the recommendations of the commission headed by Fox Odendaal , ten homelands similar to those in South Africa were established in South West Africa present-day Namibia. The term "Bantustan" is somewhat inappropriate in this context, since some of the peoples involved were Khoisan not Bantu, and the Rehoboth Basters are a complex case. Of these ten South West African homelands, only three were granted self-government comparable to the Bantustans in South Africa between and In July  the system was changed to one of separate governments "representative authorities" as second-tier administrative units responsible for a number of affairs like land tenure, agriculture, education up to the level of primary school teachers' training, health services, and social welfare and pensions on the basis of ethnicity only and no longer based on geographically defined areas.
Building upon institutions that had already been in existence since and respectively, representative authorities were also instituted for the White  and Coloured  population groups.
No such representative authorities were established for the Himba and San peoples mainly occupying their former homelands of Kaokoland and Bushmanland. These ethnic second-tier governments were de facto suspended in May , at the start of the transition to independence , and de iure abolished on 21 March the day Namibia became independent in accordance with Schedule 8 of the Constitution of Namibia.
In the former Bantustan of East Caprivi , Lozi nationalists launched an unsuccessful insurgency in an attempt to gain independence from Namibia which lasted until The term "bantustan" has been used in a number of non-South African contexts, generally to refer to actual or perceived attempts to create ethnically based states or regions. In Southeastern Europe, the increasing numbers of small states in the Balkans , following the breakup of Yugoslavia , have been referred to as "bantustans".
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Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Territory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa and South West Africa now Namibia , as part of the policy of apartheid. Verwoerd B.
Vorster Jacob Zuma. Related topics. The neutrality of this section is disputed. September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Into the laager.
Afrikaners living on the edge. Jonathan Ball Publishers. Page This Act established the Transkei Legislative Assembly and the government departments with effect from 30 May Called the Bophuthatswana Constitution Proclamation, The Bophuthatswana Legislative Assembly was established by the same proclamation. Called the Ciskei Constitution Proclamation, Called the Gazankulu Constitution Proclamation, Shortly thereafter, the name of this soon-to-be Territorial Authority was changed to Basotho ba Borwa.
At the same date, the government departments of Basotho-QwaQwa were established. Called the KwaZulu Constitution Proclamation, Called the KwaNdebele Constitution Proclamation, KwaNdebele Government departments were established by Proclamation No. The Territorial Authority was inaugurated on 23 April Called the KaNgwane Constitution Proclamation, South African Institute of Race Relations. Southern Africa Perspectives. Archived from the original on 3 December Retrieved 7 June South Africa, the Prospects of Peaceful Change.
January Politicians and Apartheid: Trailing in the People's Wake. Pretoria: Human Sciences Research Council. Sweden: Motala Grafiska. The second amendment promulgated on 26 April , only hours before the constitution abolishing apartheid came into force and the elections began was part of the deal arranged at the last minute to ensure the participation of the Inkatha Freedom Party in the elections; it modified the future constitution to ensure a special status for the Zulu Monarch in KwaZulu-Natal province and, in general, provided for the institution, role, authority and status of traditional monarchs in provincial constitutions.
The text of this Interim Constitution, which came into force on 27 April , coinciding with the beginning of the first democratic elections, is available online at Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as of 27 April The Journal of Modern African Studies. Cambridge University Press. World Statesmen. Retrieved 23 November The information given on the websites World Statesmen and Rulers is partially inaccurate. Retrieved 19 June Archived from the original PDF on 26 June Retrieved 19 August A "Kaptein's Council" as the executive and a Legislative Council were established in Rehoboth Basters, 20 March ".
Rehoboth Basters. Retrieved 24 November Two districts of Hereroland West and East were formed in Need to Know. Important City Info. The hotel does not accept children under 18 years of age staying alone. Hotel Policy Check-in and Check-out. Please contact the hotel for details on their child and extra bed policies. Parking is available free.
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Time Difference between Phuthaditjhaba, South Africa and the World
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